The Tianshan Station for Snow Cover and Avalanche Research was built in 1967, which is the only field observation station in China and Central Asia to conduct long-term snow and avalanche monitoring and professional research. The station has long carried out field climate, snow, frozen soil and avalanche observation, hydrological process and avalanche formation mechanism research, disaster prevention and mitigation technology research and development, integration, demonstration and promotion, cooperation and exchange, personnel training, science education, etc. The station is mainly engaged in snow disaster prevention and management, snow characteristics, snow hydrology and snow disaster response to global climate change and other related issues.
This dataset is a compilation of artificial paper records of the Station from 1967 to 2021.All the records are repaired and bound, and all the data are manually entered. It provides scientific and technological basis for the smooth implementation of regional ecological security and infrastructure construction, and promotes the development of climate change, snow hydrology and water resources and snow disaster science research.
The attribute information of this dataset mainly includes:
(1) Daily mean snow depth data of TSSAR from 1967 to 2021; The unit is cm;
(2) Daily snow density data of TSSAR from 1967 to 2021; The unit is kg/cm3;
(3) Snow water equivalent data of Tianshan snow avalanche station from 1967 to 2021; The unit is mm;
(4) Snow phenology data of Tianshan snow avalanche station from 1967 to 2021(initial time of snow cover, end time of snow cover, start time of snow melt, and duration of snow cover).
|collect time||1967/11/01 - 2021/12/31|
|collect place||The meteorological observation field of the Tianshan Station for Snow Cover and Avalanche Research, Ili|
|altitude||1776.0m - 1776.0m|
|data size||718.7 kB|
Observe the data according to the relevant meteorological observation specifications at 2:00, 8:00, 14:00 and 20:00 Beijing time every day, and record the data of 3 thermometers, hygrometers, barometers, 2 anemometers, rain gauges and evaporating dishes in the observation site.
Sort out, repair and bind the paper records of the site from 1967 to 2021, unify the data attribute information and manually input all data.
(1) First, check the completeness of the observation number and observation time of the data. (2) then judge outliers by numerical diagrams and check and correct them. On the other hand, unify and standardize data formats. (3) Finally, integrate all the data to get a complete, accurate and consistent data set to ensure the accuracy of the data.
|1||None||Ground observation data set of meteorology, frozen soil, snow and avalanche in the middle of Tianshan Mountain||other|
|2||42101080||Study on avalanche inducing mechanism of continental snow climate in Tianshan Mountain||National Natural Science Foundation of China|
|3||ZKXFWCG2022060004||Research on the causes, distribution characteristics, engineering treatment, snow removal and maintenance of Expressway snow and ice disasters in Tianshan area||other|
|1||The snow observation dataset from the Tianshan Station for Snow Cover and Avalanche Research（1967-2021）.zip||718.7 kB|
|1||None||Avalanche and meteorology||Qiu Jiaqi||1978|
|2||None||Analysis of the causes of avalanches and the characteristics of avalanches in the Western Tianshan avalanche station area in 1978/1979||Maweilin||1981|
|3||None||Basic physical characteristics of snowfall and seasonal avalanche in Tianshan Mountains in China||Hu Ruji, Ma Weilin, Wei wenshou||1985|
|4||None||Outline of Tianshan snow avalanche research station, Chinese Academy of Sciences||Niu Ji||1989|
|5||None||Study on initial climatic conditions affecting the formation of stable snow cover in Tianshan region -- a case study of Tianshan snow avalanche research station||Xujunrong, Qiu Jiaqi||1996|
|6||None||New progress in avalanche dynamics of Tianshan Mountain||Qiu Jiaqi, Xu Junrong, Jiang Fengqing, Huang Lidu,||1997|
|7||None||The nature and structure of seasonal snow cover in Northwest China||Wei wenshou, Qin Dahe, Liu Mingzhe||2001|
|8||None||Snow cover and climate change in Western Tianshan Mountains in recent 30 years -- a case study of Tianshan snow avalanche research station||Gao Weidong, Wei wenshou, Zhang Lixu||2005|
|9||None||Climate change characteristics of mountain ecosystem in the cold region of Western Tianshan in recent 40 years -- a case study of Tianshan snow avalanche research station, Chinese Academy of Sciences||Shi Zhiwen, Xu Junrong, Chen Zhongsheng, Li Meiyi||2009|
|10||None||Analysis of seasonal snow density and moisture content in Western Tianshan Mountains||Gao Pei, Wei wenshou, Liu Mingzhe, Chen Xia, Han Q||2010|
|11||None||Comparison of deep frost development under different shading conditions in seasonal snow area||Hong Wen, Wei wenshou, Liu Mingzhe, Lu Heng, Han||2012|
|12||None||Variations in seasonal snow surface energy exchange during a snowmelt period: an example from the Tianshan Mountains, China||Lu, H., Wei, W. S., Liu, M. Z., Han, X., Li, M.||2015|
|13||None||Avalanche activity and characteristics of its triggering factors in the western Tianshan Mountains, China||Hao, J. S., Huang, F. R., Liu, Y., Amobichukwu, C.||2018|
|14||None||Variation of snow mass in a regional climate model downscaling simulation covering the Tianshan Mountains, Central Asia||Yang, T., Li, Q., Chen, X., Hamdi, R., De Maeyer||2022|
|15||None||Characteristics and hazards of different snow avalanche types in a continental snow climate region in the Central Tianshan Mountains||Hao, J., Mind’je, R., Liu, Y., Huang, F., Zhou, H.||2021|
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