This data set contains soil organic carbon properties under the impervious surfaces areas (ISA) and Pervious Surface Area (PSA) of 41 cities in China. Field samplings were conducted during 2013-2014. The observed soil attribute elements include BD(bulk density), NC(soil nitrogen content), ND(soil nitrogen density), SOC:N(soil organic carbon to soil nitrogen ratio), SOCC(soil organic carbon content), SOCD(soil organic carbon density) et al.
|collect time||2013/01/01 - 2014/12/31|
|data size||189.1 KiB|
Nation-wide soil sampling was conducted in 41 cities that were evenly distributed across China during 2013–2014 . The selected cities were either provincial capitals or representative cities at the regional scale. They covered all major climate regimes, vegetation types and soil types in China, except for the Tibet Plateau. Soil samples were taken from multiple sites in each city. To guaranty that the sampling sites in a city were evenly distributed, each sample site belonged to a different city district.
The sampled ISA types included pavements, highways, patios, driveways, parking lots etc. Field surveys and remote sensing analysis have confirmed that the sealing of impervious soils and the land cover/vegetation types (trees, shrubs, lawns, bare land, vegetable fields ect) of the adjacent pervious surface area (PSA) have been stable for over ten years at the sampling sites (detailed information of the sampling sites are found in the data file). At each site, three representative sampling plots, at least 10 m apart from each other, were set up under the ISA with three paired sampling plots in an adjacent PSA for comparison. A 100 cm depth profile pit was dug in each plot. Using 100 cm3 sample rings, soil profiles in the pits were sampled at 20 cm intervals to 100 cm depth. Technosols were thought to contain large amount of artefacts such as bricks, glass, etc. (FOA, 2015; Lorenz & Lal, 2009). However, our study across China found that most of the Ekranic (sealed) Technosols profiles has a clear boundary between the building material layers and the soil. These soils didn’t have extraordinary large amount of artefacts mixed in. Where the boundary is unclear, we treated the surface layers with large amount of hard building materials, where artefacts > 0.15 mm accounted for over half of the soil weight or volume, as the building material layers and only sampled the soils below them. Samples with notable additions of anthropogenic artefacts mixed in the soil were discarded, because we were unsure if they represented the building materials or the soils. These samples (ID# XJBIZC0001-XJBIZC4356) are currently stored in the Herbarium of the Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi, China. We measured the soil bulk density (BD) and SOC content in each soil sample and then calculated the SOC density by multiplying them together. All samples were air-dried, grounded and sieved at 0.15 mm. BD was measured using the volumetric ring method. To match the methodology of the Second China’s National Soil Surveys that provided information of the background SOC density, the SOC content was measured using the Mebius method involving Walkley-Black acid digestion. SOC density was calculated according to dry BD (g cm-3) and SOC content based on a soil depth of 20 cm. Nitrogen (N) content (g kg-1) was measured by Kjeldahl digestion.
|1||Physical and chemical properties of soil in typical oasis areas in Northwest China (August 15, 2018)|
|2||Soil data set of rotational grazing and different grazing experiments on degraded grassland in Alxa Left Banner, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (2017-2020)|
|3||Soil data set of near natural supplementary sowing and grazing intervention technology experiment for stable restoration of degraded grassland in Alxa Left Banner, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (2017-2020)|
|4||High-resolution soil organic carbon density (0-100cm) data of Qilian Shan National Park|
|5||High-resolution soil organic carbon density (0-100 cm) data in the three major inland river basins (Heihe River, Shiyang River and Shule River) of the hexi area|
|6||Soil temperature, moisture and conductivity in Aksu oasis and transition zone, Xinjiang (September 2018 may 2020)|
|7||90m resolution soil organic carbon density (0-100cm) data in northwest China|
|8||Soil organic carbon density (0-100cm) data at 30m resolution in northwest China|
|9||Soil organic carbon density (0-100cm) data at 90m resolution in the Qilian Mountains|
|10||Soil organic carbon density (0-100cm) data at 10m resolution in the Qilian Mountains|
|1||N and SOC:N|
Imperial Surface Area Permanent Surface Area bulk density soil nitrogen content soil nitrogen density soil organic carbon to soil nitrogen ratio soil organic carbon content soil organic carbon density electrical conductivity
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