Research data on key technologies of ecological environment assessment, early warning and monitoring in Qilian Mountain Nature Reserve
Publish time:2023-09-07 08:08
Recently, the data output of the national key Research and Development Plan "Research on Key Technologies of Ecological Environment Assessment, Early Warning and Monitoring in Qilian Mountain Nature Reserve (2019YFC0507400)" project was officially released and available for download on the National Cryosphere Data Center(www.ncdc.ac.cn). Warmly welcome the majority of scientific researchers to pay attention to and obtain data. The project is led by Zhao Wenzhi, a researcher from The Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, with the participation of Lanzhou University, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi 'an Jiaotong University and other research institutions and universities. The research contents of the project include: assessing the impact mechanism of climate change and human activities on the ecological environment of Qilian Mountain Nature Reserve; The evaluation method and technology of ecological environment quality of nature reserve should be established. The future climate and human activity scenarios of nature reserves should be formulated, ecological environment change early warning models should be built, and early warning technologies should be developed to form early warning platforms. Establish a technical system for monitoring, assessment and early warning of nature reserves, and put forward management measures. The project elucidates the distribution pattern of endangered species and key ecosystems in the Qilian Mountain Nature Reserve, reveals the law of ecological environment evolution, and quantifies the impacts of climate change and human activities on the nature reserve. The health, stability and vulnerability of ecosystem were evaluated, and the technology and method of ecological environment quality evaluation were put forward. The key ecological and environmental problems are identified, and the early-warning methods and technologies are constructed. The key technology of ecological environment monitoring has been developed, and an integrated monitoring system of "space-ground" has been built, forming a demonstration zone. The technical system of assessment, early warning, monitoring and management of nature reserve is integrated, and the management method is put forward. This project released a total of 35 data sets, including meteorological, biological observation, ecosystem stability assessment and other data content in the Qilian Mountains. In view of the scientific and technological needs of the management and operation of the protected areas, the project predicted the impact of climate change on the protected areas, established the technical system of monitoring, assessment and early warning of the protected areas, and put forward management measures to provide technical support for the management and operation of the nature reserves and national parks.