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New ideas on debris flow disaster assessment in Chengdu mountainous area are put forward
Publish time: 2020-11-05 11:54

On August 8, 2017, Jiuzhaigou, a world natural heritage site, experienced a strike slip strong earthquake with magnitude of MS 7.0, with a focal depth of 20km (33.20 ° n, 103.82 ° E), causing 25 deaths. Thousands of coseismic landslides induced by earthquake provide abundant loose solid source for debris flow and increase the risk of debris flow. Therefore, how to quickly and accurately evaluate the post earthquake secondary disasters without long-term monitoring data is of great significance to the protection of national treasures, while the existing assessment methods rarely consider the change of sediment supply after the earthquake. In order to understand the impact of the change of sediment supply on debris flow after the earthquake, Hu Kaiheng, a researcher from Chengdu Mountain Institute of Chinese Academy of Sciences, led a team to carry out a detailed field investigation in Jiuzhaigou watershed and made important progress.
                         . It is found that the sediment increment of Zharugou, Heye gully, Shuzheng gully, zechawa gully and Haizi gully in the next season is large, and the possibility of debris flow after earthquake is the highest. In the later stage, the sediment increment of five debris flow gullies before and after the earthquake was obtained by multi period high-definition remote sensing images and UAV photos. Therefore, a comprehensive debris flow disaster assessment method is developed by combining sediment increment, flow mass model and numerical simulation. The feasibility of the method is verified by the debris flow events in Haizi gully in the lower season after the earthquake. Using the new method, the key characteristic parameters of debris flow such as scale, flushing distance, accumulation range and accumulation depth of the five debris flow gullies were evaluated, and the debris flow risk zoning map was made, which provided reference for land use planning and debris flow secondary disaster prevention and control in Jiuzhaigou scenic area after the earthquake.
The study was recently published in engineering geology, a well-known international journal
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